- Breast Cancer :
- Cancer that occurs in the tissues of the breast.
- Cancer :
- The general name for diseases which are characterized by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division.
- Chemotherapy :
- The use of chemicals or drugs to treat diseases. Often used in the treatment of cancer. Traditional forms of chemotherapy use chemicals to interfere with the DNA of spreading cells.
- Clinical trial :
- A research study designed to determine the safety and effectiveness of a drug or device on humans.
- Colon Cancer:
- Cancer that occurs in the tissues of the colon. Colon cancer is the second most common cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States.
- Colorectal cancer:
- Cancer that occurs in the tissues of the colon or the rectum.
- Cutaneous :
- Relating to, or affecting the skin.
- Gastrointestinal (GI) cancer:
- Cancer that occurs in the gastrointestinal system, including the stomach, and the small and large intestines.
- Gallbladder cancer :
- Cancer that occurs in the tissues of the gallbladder.
- Immunotherapy :
- A type of treatment designed to target the body’s immune system, either to enhance its resistance or to produce immunity to a certain disease.
- A type of surgical procedure in which a viewing tube (a laparoscope) is inserted through a small incision. This allows the doctor to examine an internal site in a minimally-invasive way.
- Liver cancer:
- Cancer that occurs in the tissues of the liver. Liver cancer can cause the liver to fail.
- Lymph Nodes:
- Also referred to as lymph glands, they are small masses of tissue that filter a bodily fluid called lymphatic fluid. They remove cell waste and ultimately help the body fight infection. They are located in several places throughout the body.
- Lymph Node Basin:
- A group of lymph nodes in a certain region of the body.
- The most malignant form of skin cancer. It occurs in melanocytes (cells in the skin that produce pigment), which produce the skin’s color.
- (plural: metastases) the spreading of a disease (i.e. cancer) from its original site to another part of the body.
- Molecular Profiling:
- The study of specific patterns of proteins, DNA, and/or mRNA, and how these patterns correlate with a person's physical characteristics or proneness and reactions to disease.
- the branch of medicine which specializes in the study of cancer and tumors.
- Pancreatic Cancer:
- Cancer that occurs in the tissues of the pancreas. It is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related deaths.
- The abbreviation for peripheral blood mononuclear cell. It is any blood cell that has a round nucleus. A lymphocyte is an example of a peripheral blood mononuclear cell.
- The abbreviation for Polymerase Chain Reaction. It is a technique used in molecular biology that allows the amplification and replication of specific parts of DNA.
- Sentinel Lymph Node (SN):
- The first draining lymph node in the regional lymph node basin.
- Skin Cancer:
- Cancer that occurs in the tissues of the skin. There are several types of skin cancer, including melanoma.
- Stomach Cancer:
- Cancer that occurs in the tissues of the stomach.
- The abbreviation for T-cell receptor
- The abbreviation for T-cell receptor beta variable
- Thermal Ablation:
- A technique which uses extreme heat or cold to kill tumors while preserving the normal surrounding tissue.
- An abnormal growth of tissue that serves no purpose. Malignant, cancerous tumors tend to spread and be harmful to the body, while benign tumors do not.
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